Ebstorf Mappa Mundi (1235)
The Ebstorf Map is an example of a European mappa mundi, made by Gervase of Ebstorf, who was possibly the same man as Gervase of Tilbury, some time in the thirteenth century. It is a very large map: painted on 30 goatskins sewn together, it measures about 3.6m x 3.6m. The head of Christ is depicted at the top of the map, with his hands on either side and his feet at the bottom. The Map is a greatly elaborated version of the medieval tripartite or T and O map, it is centered on Jerusalem with east on top of the map. It represents Rome in the shape of a lion, and has an evident interest in the distribution of bishropics. The original was destroyed during World War II but some color copies remain.